Sclerotherapy of Varicose Veins
Varicose veins are characterized as veins unable to establish an efficient venous return of blood to the heart.
Sclerotherapy is a treatment that effectively treats spider and varicose veins, improving aesthetics and relieving related symptoms such as cramps, pain and swelling in the legs. The goal of this treatment is to close these non-functional veins and redirect blood flow through deeper veins in the legs. It consists of applying a sclerosing solution directly into the affected veins by means of microinjections with a very fine needle to cause coagulation, causing the veins to become irritated, swollen and sticky. The collapsed sclerosed vein becomes scar tissue, is absorbed by the local tissue and eventually disappears into view.
The technique does not require anesthesia, after the procedure is performed a compression preferably for 72 hours and after the session patients can continue their normal lives. In some cases, hematomas, dark areas and dark, palpable fibrous cords may appear during the treatment and disappear.
The number of veins treated in one session varies, depending on the location and size of the veins. In some cases several sclerotherapy treatments are needed. With each session we manage to eliminate, in some cases, approximately 80 percent of the treated veins.
Among the risk factors associated with the origin of varicose veins are:
- Obesity: thick legs need a greater arterial blood supply, which later must be drained by the veins which benefits the overload of these and early failure.
- Personal or family history of varicose veins.
- Sedentary lifestyle.
- Prolonged foot work.
- Personal and family history of deep vein thrombosis, among others.